Soil pollution is the accumulation of artificial fibers and toxic substances in the soil that has a negative effect on plant and animal life. We often don't realize it, but we are contributing to soil pollution. Therefore, it is important to know how to avoid contamination, so that small measures taken by each person help to protect them.
Method 1 of 2: At Home
Step 1. Opt for organic products
There is no doubt that organic products are expensive compared to chemicals. But choosing organic products will encourage more organic production. This will help you in preventing soil contamination.
Step 2. Reuse
Plastic is one of the main causes of soil pollution, as it takes a very long time to disintegrate.
Therefore, you should consider switching to reusable packaging, such as cotton bags, glass, etc. Although paper disintegrates faster, a lot of trees are cut down for the production of paper bags. Therefore, it is best to opt for cloth bags. Similarly, instead of using paper in the kitchen, etc., opt to use cloth napkins, cloth tissues, etc
Step 3. Recycle waste
Despite the large amount of propaganda that has been carried out on waste recycling, not much action has been taken on it. If each family was responsible for recycling waste, soil pollution caused by landfills will be greatly reduced.
Step 4. Teach the youngest to contribute
From throwing out the trash in its place to participating in community clean-up drives, there are a number of ways to teach young people and even little ones how to do their part to avoid pollution.
Method 2 of 2: In Agriculture
Step 1. Promote the use of bio-fertilizers
To increase agricultural yield, most farmers started using chemical fertilizers. Farmers should be encouraged to start using organic fertilizers, as the microorganisms in these fertilizers help increase soil fertility.
Step 2. Promote the use of bio-pesticides and fungicides
To avoid soil contamination, it is important that, together with fertilizers, farmers use bio-pesticides and fungicides, also known as herbicides. These products take a little longer to react, but have no adverse effect on the soil.
Step 3. Help prevent deforestation
To avoid soil contamination, deforestation measures must be carried out at a rapid pace. Plant trees. Soil erosion is caused when there are no trees to prevent the top layer of the soil from being transported by different agents of nature, such as water and air.
- It is better to use manure, both as a fertilizer, as well as pesticides, as it has much less side effects compared to its chemical counterpart.
- Avoid using harmful chemicals if they are not of extreme importance. The only thing they leave behind is toxic waste.
- Avoid over cropping and grazing as it leads to soil erosion, flooding, and further deterioration of the soil layer.
- Influence your community to adopt ways of treating waste before disposal to avoid contamination.