Humanities and social science students frequently use the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style. If you are going to take a course in these specialties, you may have to cite the program using the APA guidelines. Formatting a works cited page is very important, so pay close attention to the formatting guidelines. There are 2 ways to cite a program within the text. The first is to cite it and then add the source at the end of the sentence. In addition, you can integrate the quote into what you are going to say and, although it is more complicated, it can make the writing more fluid.
Method 1 of 3: Cite a program on a works cited page
Step 1. Include the university or college first
You must use the full name of the university or college where you took the course. Write it in regular Roman letters (no italics) and end the name of the institution with a period.
For example, if you took the course at the University of Michigan, you would write "The University of Michigan." Write only "Michigan." is not correct
Step 2. Indicate the year of completion of the course in parentheses
You do not need to put the semester, but only the year in which you took the course. Write the year in regular Roman letters (no italics) inside parentheses, then add a period.
For example, if you took the course in fall 2010, you would just write "(2010)." after the name of the institution
Step 3. Write the name of the course in italics
You must include the name and number of the course, as well as the full title, in italics. Only the first word of the title and subtitle should be capitalized. Then end the title with a period.
Let's assume that you are going to take a history course. The name and number is HIST 101 and the course title is “The Ancient World”. Therefore, you would write it like this: “HIST 101: The ancient world”
Step 4. Indicates that the source is a program
If the title of the syllabus properly says "course syllabus," you have to include it in the course name. Now if the syllabus title is just the course title, it indicates that it is a course syllabus in brackets.
- For example, if the course syllabus says "course syllabus" in the title, you would write it like this: "HIST 101: The ancient world course syllabus."
- If the "course syllabus" is not part of the title, you would write "HIST 101: The ancient world [Course syllabus]."
Step 5. Write where the course took place
It must be the same place where you received the classes. You can enter the city, the US state (if applicable), and the country. End this part with a colon.
For example, if you took the course at the University of Michigan, you would write "Ann Arbor, Michigan:"
Step 6. Finish with the name of your teacher
After the colon after the location of the course, you have to indicate where you got the source, and it should be the name of the professor who taught the course.
For example, if your teacher is Anita Smith, you would write "Anita Smith."
Step 7. Omit the place and the author if the program was obtained online
If the show was available online and that's where you found it, the end of the quote is slightly different. Instead of writing the physical location of the university and the name of the author, write a statement of the obtaining.
- For example, if you got the syllabus from the Blackboard website, after the course title (with or without the [Course syllabus] indication), you would write “Available on the University of Michigan Blackboard website: umich.blackboard. edu. "
- Therefore, the full quote would be as follows: “HIST 101: The ancient world [Course syllabus]. Available on the University of Michigan Blackboard website: umich.blackboard.edu. "
Step 8. Indent all lines after the first
If your quote contains more than one line, you'll need to indent subsequent lines so the reader can see where one source ends and another begins.
Method 2 of 3: Cite a program in the text
Step 1. Start with the teacher's last name if it exists
If your works cited page includes an author name, use that for your in-text citation. It begins with an opening parenthesis followed by the author's last name and a comma.
For example, if the teacher's name is Anita Smith, the first part of the quote should read: "(Smith,"
Step 2. Include the institution first if there is no professor name
If you are not going to use the name of a professor or author on the works cited page, include the institution where you took the course. In addition, it must follow the same format that you would use with the name of a teacher.
For example, if you don't have the professor's name on the works cited page, but you took the course at the University of Michigan, you would write "(The University of Michigan,"
Step 3. Write the year you took the course
It must match the year you indicated on the course references page, and you do not need to indicate the semester but only the year.
If you took the course in 2013, you would write “(Smith, 2013” or “(The University of Michigan, 2013”
Step 4. Include the page numbers you are referring to
To end the in-text quote, you will have to indicate the pages to which you are going to refer. They can be 1 or multiple pages and it would be correct as long as you include them all. Write "p." in lower case followed by a period and then the page number. Finally, end the quote with a closing parenthesis.
- For example, if the information you are going to cite is found on page 1 of the program, you would write "(Smith, 2013, p. 1)." or "(The University of Michigan, 2013, p. 1)."
- If you are citing more than one page, use "pp." instead of "p." Therefore, the quote should read like this: "(The University of Michigan, 2013, pp. 4-5)."
Method 3 of 3: Embed a quote within the text
Step 1. Mention the author's name in the text
If you are going to integrate the quote into the text you are going to write, you will need the name of the author. There are several ways to do this and they will depend on your own personal preference and the tone of your work.
For example, you could write something like "According to Smith …" or "Smith argues that the study of history …"
Step 2. Include the year cited on the reference page just after the author's name
Regardless of how you add the author's name in the text, it will need to be followed by the year you used on the reference page. In this way, the reader will know from which source you are going to speak.
For example, you would write "According to Smith (2013)," or "Smith (2013) argues that the study of history …"
Step 3. Enter direct quotes in quotation marks
If you are going to quote directly from the program, separate the information with quotation marks. In this way, the reader will know that it is not your words but those of the author.
- For example, you could write: According to Smith (2013), the study of history is “fundamental to understanding the present” (in Spanish, it is fundamental to understanding the present).
- If you're using your own words instead of the author's, you don't need quotation marks. So you could write "According to Smith (2013), we can only understand the present if we understand history."
Step 4. End the appointment with the page number (s)
When you've cited the part of the program you need, end the citation with the page number (s) where the citations are found. The page number must be separated by parentheses and a lowercase p followed by a period.