How to cite articles online using the MLA style

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How to cite articles online using the MLA style
How to cite articles online using the MLA style
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During your research to write an article, you will likely find many sources on the Internet, including articles from newspapers, magazines, or academic publications. According to the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style guidelines, online articles are cited differently than printed articles. Even if the article you found online also has a print version, the entry in the bibliographic references should lead the reader to the version you accessed. Generally, this means that you must include a URL or DOI (Digital Object Identifier) in your input.

Steps

Method 1 of 2: References Entries

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 1
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 1

Step 1. Begin the entry in the bibliographic references with the name of the author or authors

Write the author's last name first, followed by a comma, and then their first name. Finally, put a period.

  • Example: Lovegood, Luna.
  • If there are 2 authors, separate them using the conjunction "and" between both names. In the case of 3 or more authors, simply write the name of the first author followed by the abbreviation "et al.".

Exception:

If the name of the website where the article is located and that of the author are the same, as in the case of a corporate or institutional author, omit the latter and start the entry of the bibliographic reference by directly writing the title of the article.

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 2
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 2

Step 2. Write the title of the article in quotation marks

Write it by capitalizing the first word, as well as all nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and verbs. If your document has a subtitle, put a colon at the end of the title and rewrite it using uppercase and lowercase format. Put a period at the end in quotation marks.

Example: Lovegood, Luna. "Something Evil Is Coming: The Dark Lord's Awakening"

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 3
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 3

Step 3. Enter the name of the website and the affiliated organization

After the title, write the name of the website in italics followed by a comma. Then include the name of the affiliated organization in round. If both names are the same, include only the website name. Finally, put a comma at the end.

Example: Lovegood, Luna. "Something Evil Is Approaching: The Dark Lord's Awakening." The profit,

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 4
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 4

Step 4. Include the publication date

After the comma, include the publication date of the article, or the date it was last modified or updated. Use the most specific date available. Use the “day-month-year” format. Abbreviate the names of the months using a maximum of 4 letters. Finally, put a comma after the year.

Example: Lovegood, Luna. "Something Evil Is Coming: The Dark Lord's Awakening". The Prophet, 22 Apr 2019,

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 5
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 5

Step 5. Include the direct URL of the article

After the date, include the direct URL or permalink of the article. Leave the "http:" part of the URL. Put a period at the end.

Example: Lovegood, Luna. "Something Evil Is Approaching: The Dark Lord's Awakening". The Prophet, Apr 22 2019, www.thedailyprophet.org/features/wicked-dark

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 6
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 6

Step 6. Finish by including the access date if it is included

The date of access is optional from the eighth edition of the MLA style. However, it is advisable to include the access date if the article does not have a publication date. Even when your document includes a publication date, your instructor will likely still want you to include it. If you enter the date of access, write the word "Accessed" followed by the date in the format of "day-month-year." Abbreviate every month using a maximum of 4 letters. Finally, put a period at the end of the date.

Example: Lovegood, Luna. "Something Evil Is Approaching: The Dark Lord's Awakening". The Prophet, Apr 22 2019, www.thedailyprophet.org/features/wicked-dark. Accessed May 1, 2019

Input format for bibliographic references according to the MLA format - Online article

Author's last name, first name. "Title of the article with capital letters in the main words". Website title, Organization affiliated with the website, day, month and year of publication or last update, URL / DOI. Accessed the day-month-year.

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 7
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 7

Step 7. Use a DOI to cite scholarly articles that you find in online databases

According to the 8th edition of the MLA style, if you access a scholarly article online that includes a DOI, you must use the DOI instead of a URL. DOIs are permanent, while URLs could change. Use the same format you would use to cite a printed academic article, and then include the DOI at the end. You would not need an access date if you already have a DOI, as these are permanent.

Example: Trelawney, Sybill. "Predicting the Next Rise of Death Eaters". Hogwarts Journal of Witchcraft and Wizardry, vol. 999, no. 3, 11 Jun 2018, pp. 87-102. Hogwarts Library Database, doi: 10.9989 / 238714942

Input format for bibliographic references according to the MLA format - Online academic journal article

Author's last name, first name. "Title of the article with capital letters in the main words". Name of the magazine, vol. #, no. #, day, month, year, pp. ## - ##. Database name, doi: 10.0000 / 000000000.

Method 2 of 2: In-text citations

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 8
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 8

Step 1. Include the author's last name in the citation in parentheses

The MLA style for text citations does not change if you cite an article that you found on the Internet as opposed to a printed version. Start the quotation in parentheses by typing the author's last name. If there are 2 authors, connect them using the conjunction "and". Also, if the document has 3 or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by the abbreviation "et al.".

Example: (Lovegood

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 9
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 9

Step 2. Use paragraph numbers in case page numbers are not available

A citation in parentheses includes the author's last name, as well as the page where the information you paraphrased or quoted appears. Academic articles will generally include page numbers. However, if the article is published directly on a website, the page numbers may not be available. In that case, count the paragraphs and use that number along with the abbreviation "even." or "pars." Place the final punctuation marks outside the parentheses.

Example: (Lovegood par. 4)

Format for in-text citations in the MLA style

(Author's surname par. #).

Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 10
Cite Online Articles in MLA Step 10

Step 3. Include the author's name in the text of your article

If you use the author's name in the text of the article, it is not necessary to rewrite it in the citation in parentheses. The only information you will need in the parenthetical citation is the page or paragraph where the quoted or paraphrased material can be found.

For example, you can write the following: "According to Lovegood, many witches and wizards were not victims of the basilisk, but they were frightened to paralysis (par. 4)."

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