Russian is spoken by more than 285 million people in the world, which makes it the 4th most widely spoken language. It can be intimidating at first, but it's not as difficult as you think.
Step 1. Learn the Cyrillic alphabet:
Learn the vowels, which are similar to the vowels in Spanish in terms of sound, listen and repeat recordings of all possible syllables as you read them.
Step 2. Practice short readings, simple dialogues where you can read and listen at the same time
(You can see an example here:
Step 3. Get a book that explains grammar in a simplified way and study it
(Or you can go forward with simple dialogues, which allow you to learn grammar in a natural and intuitive way and explain it to you step by step in manageable amounts).
Step 4. Find a Russian grammar reference table and refer to it frequently
Step 5. Learn the nouns first
This will give you a foundation from which to learn more. Learn the rules for determining what gender it is: Male, Female, Neutral.
Step 6. Always find where to emphasize a word, as it will change the pronunciation, and often the meaning of the word
Step 7. Then learn adjectives, to describe nouns
Step 8. And now begin to learn the verbs, in the infinitive:
Example: run, see, read; Or, you could try making complete sentences: "What are you doing?" (Что ты делаешь?) "I'm reading a book." (Я читаю книгу.)
Step 9. Learn the 6 cases for nouns and adjectives
Memorize the patterns for changing words. (You may prefer to learn them naturally through dialogue, example: "What is this?" (Что это?) "It's a book." (Это книга.) "What is he doing?" (Что он делает?) " He is reading a book. "(Он читает книгу.) It may be confusing at first, but it is more like how you learn your native language, with intuition). In general, there IS an order for that. It is easier to learn the cases in this order:
- Nominative (the original case).
- Accusative (direct objects).
- Dative (from the Russian word "dat" which means "to give," also has the meaning of "to / a": "for him it is cold," "give the book to me").
- Genitive (often "of" as in "the book of Petr," and other instances).
- Prepositional (using one of the many prepositions, to show location, eg "in the house", "on the floor").
- Instrumental (the instrument, or method, in which something is done).
Step 10. Learn the present tense of verbs:
1st and 3rd person, singular and plural, 6 forms.
Step 11. Learn the past tense of verbs, which change according to their gender and number
Step 12. Practice verbs with nouns and adjectives
Step 13. Try adverbs, which describe verbs
There are more adjectives that end in an "o".
Step 14. Continue learning vocabulary
Step 15. Learn the future tense of verbs
Step 16. Practice simple sentences when visiting the Independent States of Russia (CIS) or in a Russian store
Step 17. Keep talking and studying complex grammar
Step 18. Continue studying many other parts of the sentences
This guide covers the first steps.
Step 19. Find a teacher
You can only get to a certain level on your own.
Step 20. Get Skype, or another messaging service if you prefer, and look for people who speak that language and want to learn Spanish
They will be of very good help.
- Live in Russia or visit this beautiful country or any other where Russian is spoken.
- Talk to someone whose mother tongue is Russian.
- Get a Russian channel on your TV. Or find a Russian radio station online.
- Get a book with recordings.
- A recommendation to start with, if you have a Russian partner, learn to speak in a romantic way in Russian. He will be more encouraged and patient to help you. You can learn to speak Russian at 
- Look for podcasts or on iTunes on how to learn Russian.
- Practice writing in Russian - notes to yourself, in a meeting, anything.
- If your conversation partner answers you in Spanish, continue speaking in Russian, eventually they will get the hint.
- Some letters are pronounced differently when they are not emphasized. For example, an 'o' becomes 'a' with no accent over the 'o' (Note: accents are not generally written in common usage), 'v' becomes 'f'.
- You are not going to learn Russian just by listening to music with nothing written on it.
- The main commercial products for learning Russian generally teach only a small fraction of the vocabulary and provide only a small amount of the practice you need to be fluent in Russian. Write, chat and speak regularly, it will help you to be fluent.
- There are advertisements that state that a product is used by employees of the State Department or the CIA. Like you, these employees are free to purchase any product they want, and in some cases, they may be eligible for reimbursement for the educational products they purchased. Don't think that reading these state department products will give you the fluency you want.
- Relationships are generally built around a single language. A married couple, for example, who speak Spanish at home, will not understand Russian. Adoptive parents, who want to preserve the child's mother tongue, which they themselves do not speak at home, will not retain that language. Languages are not the same, one is usually dominant. Due to the popularity of 'language exchange' websites, it is important to understand the implications of this phenomenon. If you and your language partner become true friends, you will use only one language that you choose to use exclusively. If your partner is In learning the English language, the goal, and the expectation is that the language of communication becomes English. Your goal should be to make that language Russian.